During the entire month of Ramadan, Muslims are obligated to fast, every day from dawn to sunset (or from dawn to night according to some scholars). Fasting requires the abstinence from food and drink. Fasting in the month of Ramadān was made obligatory during the month of Sha‘bān, in the second year after the Muslims migrated from Makkah to Madīnah. Fasting in the month of Ramadan is also one of the Five Pillars of Islam.
During this period, eating, drinking, and sexual relations are not allowed between dawn (fajr), and sunset (maghrib). Fasting is considered an act of deeply personal worship in which Muslims seek a raised level of closeness to God.
During Ramadan, Muslims are also expected to put more effort into following the teachings of Islam by refraining from violence, anger, envy, greed, lust, angry/sarcastic retorts, gossip, and are meant to try to get along with each other better than normal. All obscene and irreligious stimuli are to be avoided as purity of both thought and action is important.
Fasting during Ramadan is not obligatory for several groups for whom it would be excessively problematic, among them people with a medical condition and the elderly. Pre-pubescent children are not required to fast, though some choose to do so, and some small children between the ages of 7 and 9 or 10 fast for half a day to train themselves.
If puberty is delayed, fasting becomes obligatory for males and females after a certain age though the right age for a child to start observing the complete fast is age 11.
In a country like Nigeria, the Ramadan fast is taken with utmost importance and Muslim parents ensure to start training their children to fast from a young age so it doesn’t become a problem when they’re grown. But as much as the Ramadan fast is made compulsory for all Muslims who meet the qualification to fast, some still break the rules by going behind to eat when it is not yet time to break.
This was the case of about 80 people (adults) who were arrested and detained by the Islamic Sharia police in Kano for eating in public, rather than fasting from dawn to sunset as Muslims are required to during the holy month of Ramadan. The people were arrested at different times across the city of Kano in the past couple of days.
Likewise, somewhere in Ilorin, Kwara State, two young boys were caught eating mangoes behind the house while the fast was ongoing. In a video shared on Instagram, the boys were made to kneel down with the mangoes they were caught eating in their hands. One of them was seriously crying and pleading as they were being threatened to be reported to their Alfa (Islamic school teacher). The other boy on the other hand, was unbothered as he was seen just kneeling and staring.